The two EU leaders are preparing to sign a new bilateral treaty of the likes of the Franco-German Elysée Treaty. The agreement will seek to reinforce cross-border cooperation between Paris and Rome.
The pact was originally negotiated by former Italian Prime Minister, now European Commissioner for Economy, Paolo Gentiloni.
It is expected to “shift” the balance of power in the EU, according to Macron’s MP Christophe Di Pompeo.
He told Politico: “For me, it is not so much the content that is important, but the vector.
“As soon as we have an agreement between France and Italy, whatever the content, we change the European balance of relations.”
The deal, dubbed “Quirinale Treaty”, is set to raise some eyebrows in Europe, with northern EU countries expected to create some obstacles to the alliance.
Both Emmanuel Macron and Mario Draghi have expressed the will to reform the bloc’s fiscal rules and make some of the economic measures introduced to fight the coronavirus crisis permanent.
The two leaders aim to put pressure on the rest of the EU in a very short amount of time before the French President faces general elections next year and whilst Angela Merkel and Germany are still preoccupied with their polls.
Vincenzo Amendola, Italy’s minister for European affairs, told Politico: “There has been a decisive relaunch of transalpine relations between Italy and France.
“Draghi and Macron have the same kind of approach” on this issue and “share the same diagnostic about the problems of the fiscal framework.”
The reform of the Stability and Growth Pact is under the supervision of Mr Gentiloni, the very same man who pushed for a Franco-Italian alliance in the first place.
Mr Di Pompeo believes the alliance could make the EU “more social and more Latin” and put into question the “German economic model”.
He added: “What’s important is to create a vector showing that today there’s a counter-power to Germany.”
Marc Lazar, professor of political history and sociology at Sciences Po Paris, argued that “for French diplomats, Germany is always the priority”.
But he added: “But in moments of crisis it [France] remembers that it has a very beautiful lover, Italy.”
The professor claimed that the Franco-Italian affair could turn into something permanent — “a three-way relationship with a priority axis with Germany and a more regular dialogue with Italy.”