By Thomas Catenacci –
- Facebook and Google both have policies that censors content that counters official World Health Organization (WHO) guidance.
- The WHO has repeatedly reversed its position on guidance its shared, such as on the effectiveness of travel bans and whether masks were necessary.
- President Donald Trump announced that the U.S. would cut funding to the WHO over its handling of the coronavirus outbreak on April 14.
Big Tech companies have instituted policies that censor content countering the World Health Organization’s coronavirus guidelines, despite that the international group has repeatedly spread information it later backpedaled.
The rapid spread of the novel coronavirus in the spring led several social media and tech companies to place restrictions on virus-related content that could potentially harm users. Some companies established the World Health Organization (WHO), a United Nations agency, as the arbiter of shareable content.
“YouTube doesn’t allow content that spreads medical misinformation that contradicts the World Health Organization (WHO),” one part of Google’s “Medical Misinformation Policy” says.
Facebook’s policy states that the site “will debunk common myths that have been identified by the World Health Organization.” On March 18, Facebook announced its “Coronavirus Information Center,” which curates updates from “organizations such as the World Health Organization.”
Facebook said it would begin removing posts with false coronavirus claims “that have been flagged by leading global health organizations” in a statement on Jan. 30.
Facebook, Google, YouTube, LinkedIn, Microsoft, Reddit and Twitter released a joint statement on March 16 in which the tech companies announced their intention to combat “fraud and misinformation about the virus.”
Epidemiologists estimate that coronavirus first spread from animal to human in either October or November 2019 in Wuhan, China, The Wall Street Journal reported. On Jan. 9, Chinese officials announced a coronavirus outbreak.
The WHO declared the outbreak of coronavirus a pandemic on March 11.
President Donald Trump announced that the U.S. would cut funding to the WHO over its handling of the coronavirus outbreak on April 14. The WHO has been accused of having a pro-China bias, which affected its coronavirus decision-making, according to Foreign Policy Magazine.
“Our policies specifically prohibit COVID-19 medical misinformation that contradicts guidance from medical authorities (such as local health institutions, the Centers for Disease Control and the WHO) on the treatment, prevention, diagnosis or transmission of the virus,” a YouTube spokesperson told the Daily Caller News Foundation in a statement.
“We enforce these policies based on evolving guidance from both the WHO and the CDC,” the spokesperson continued.
Facebook did not respond to request for comment.
But the WHO has repeatedly shared information only to later reverse its position.
Top WHO officials repeatedly said in the early days of the outbreak that coronavirus travel bans were unnecessary.
“WHO does not recommend any specific measures for travelers,” the WHO said in a Jan. 5 statement. In case of symptoms suggestive of respiratory illness either during or after travel, travelers are encouraged to seek medical attention and share travel history with their healthcare provider.”
On Jan. 30, despite having reported cases in multiple countries days before, the WHO’s coronavirus emergency committee said, “The Committee does not recommend any travel or trade restriction based on the current information available.”
On Jan. 31, Trump signed an order suspending entry into the U.S. of people who were in China.
On Feb. 3, the WHO doubled down: “No need for measures that ‘unnecessarily interfere with international travel and trade’ in trying to halt the spread of a coronavirus.”
On Feb. 11, the WHO reversed its guidance.
“Evidence on travel measures that significantly interfere with international traffic for more than 24 hours shows that such measures may have a public health rationale at the beginning of the containment phase of an outbreak,” the new guidance said.
There wasn’t a scientific basis to the WHO’s guidance against travel restrictions, according to a Sept. 30 New York Times report. Rather, the guidance was based on international public health policy formed in the 1990s, which was more political than it was scientific.
Following its investigations into the coronavirus outbreak in China, the WHO said on Jan. 14 that there “no clear evidence of human-to-human transmission.”
Preliminary investigations conducted by the Chinese authorities have found no clear evidence of human-to-human transmission of the novel #coronavirus (2019-nCoV) identified in #Wuhan, #China????????. pic.twitter.com/Fnl5P877VG
— World Health Organization (WHO) (@WHO) January 14, 2020
On Jan. 22, the WHO said that there was, in fact, human-to-human transmission in Wuhan. Despite the new findings, however, the WHO said on Jan. 23 there “no evidence of human-to-human transmission outside China.”
On Jan. 24, the WHO’s official coronavirus report confirmed cases in six countries outside of China including South Korea, Japan and Taiwan.
One week later, on Jan. 30, the WHO said that there “has been human-to-human transmission in 3 countries outside China.”
Between January and May, when the rate of coronavirus deaths per day rapidly climbed, the WHO said masks were unnecessary for the general public. The WHO’s official guidance said medical masks should be “reserved for health care workers.”
“The use of medical masks in the community may create a false sense of security, with neglect of other essential measures, such as hand hygiene practices and physical distancing, and may lead to touching the face under the masks and under the eyes, result in unnecessary costs, and take masks away from those in health care who need them most, especially when masks are in short supply,” the WHO’s April 6 guidance said.
The same April guidance didn’t provide recommendations on wearing non-medical masks, citing a lack of evidence.
On June 5, the WHO released guidance that recommended mask wearing to the general public.
“WHO advises that governments should encourage the general public to wear masks where there is widespread transmission and physical distancing is difficult, such as on public transport, in shops or in other confined or crowded environments,” WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom said at a June 5 news conference.
The new guidance is based on evolving evidence and provides updates on:
????who should wear a mask
????when a mask should be worn
????what a mask should be made of pic.twitter.com/Cu7MEyCs3J
— World Health Organization (WHO) (@WHO) June 5, 2020
On June 8, Dr. Maria Van Kerkhove, who leads the WHO’s emerging diseases and zoonosis team, said asymptomatic spread of coronavirus was “very rare,” CNBC reported.
“From the data we have, it still seems to be rare that an asymptomatic person actually transmits onward to a secondary individual,” Van Kerkhove said at a WHO news conference, according to CNBC. “It’s very rare.”
Individuals who test positive for coronavirus, but show no signs of having it are considered asymptomatic. The fear of asymptomatic individuals spreading coronavirus was part of what led U.S. and local officials to enact shutdowns in the spring, according to CNBC.
On June 10, Van Kerhove backtracked at another news conference, according to CNBC.
“I was just trying to articulate what we know,” she said, CNBC reported. “And in that, I used the phrase ‘very rare,’ and I think that that’s misunderstanding to state that asymptomatic transmission globally is very rare. I was referring to a small subset of studies.”
For months, the WHO’s coronavirus guidance said that airborne transmission was not a concern for the general public. Airborne transmission occurs when particles smaller than droplets are emitted from a person with the virus, travel through the air for long periods of time, and are inhaled by a person without the virus.
On March 29, the WHO stated that airborne transmission was only possible in settings when health care workers were caring for patients with the virus. There was no reference to airborne spread among those not in health care settings in the WHO’s March guidance.
“WHO continues to recommend droplet and contact precautions for those people caring for COVID-19 patients,” the guidance said.
On July 9, the WHO reversed course and stated that spread might occur in poorly ventilated indoor settings.
“Short-range aerosol transmission, particularly in specific indoor locations, such as crowded and inadequately ventilated spaces over a prolonged period of time with infected persons cannot be ruled out,” the updated WHO guidance said.
The WHO favored lockdowns throughout most of the pandemic. Although the definition of a lockdown varied globally, the term generally refers to a government-enforced measure requiring the general public in non-essential industries to quarantine at home, according to The New York Times.
On April 15, the WHO released six conditions that governments should meet before ending their country’s lockdown policy, NPR reported. The conditions include minimizing hot spot risks and the establishment of preventative measures in public places.
— World Health Organization (WHO) (@WHO) April 20, 2020
On Friday, however, WHO Special Envoy on COVID-19 Dr. David Nabarro said lockdowns should not be the “primary control method” for governments around the world, according to The Spectator.
“We really do appeal to all world leaders: stop using lockdown as your primary control method,” Nabarro told The Spectator.
Public Health Emergency of International Concern
The WHO delayed declaring the coronavirus outbreak a public health emergency of international concern (PHEIC) for weeks in January. A PHEIC is declared when the WHO determines that multiple countries are at risk of infection and require an internationally coordinated response.
“It’s a bit too early to consider that this event is a Public Health Emergency of International Concern,” WHO expert Didier Houssin told reporters at a news conference.
By Jan. 23, the virus had spread to at least five other countries, according to The New York Times.
One week later, on Jan. 30, the WHO declared a PHEIC.
“It is important to note that as the situation continues to evolve, so will the strategic goals and measures to prevent and reduce spread of the infection,” the WHO said in a statement. “The Committee agreed that the outbreak now meets the criteria for a Public Health Emergency of International Concern.”
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