Misinformation is apparently whatever someone disagrees with. This seems to be true when it comes to Oxford University.
In the briefing published on Oct. 5, 2020, the institute slammed nine pieces written and published in American conservative outlets such as NewsBusters, The Daily Caller, The Heritage Foundation’s The Daily Signal, BizPac Review, The Daily Wire and The Blaze. According to the Oxford Internet Institute (OII), these sites are considered “junk news.”
OII defined “junk news” as “… sources deliberately publish misleading, deceptive or incorrect information purporting to be real news about politics, economics or culture. This content includes various forms of propaganda and ideologically extreme, hyperpartisan or conspiratorial news and information.”
The OII, a department of Oxford University, releases weekly briefings on “misinformation” found online. This briefing was written by department Director Philip Howard, senior research fellow Dr. Jonathan Bright, and student Hubert Au.
OII is funded in part by Google UK Ltd, Harvard Law School, and Microsoft Corporation. These briefings are a part of the Computational Propaganda Project, which produces reports for the United States Senate. The project has been quoted in a Senate hearing by current Democratic Vice Presidential nominee Senator Kamala Harris (D-CA).
The briefing named a piece by NewsBusters managing editor Curtis Houck as an example of the “sharp criticism … levied against the reactions of mainstream media.” Even though the article in question was merely a wrap-up of quotes from NBC concerning the presidential debate that took place on Sept. 30, OII considered it “one of the best-fitting articles in the topic model of the previous section.” The issue with this characterization of the piece as “junk news” is that in the previous section, the only model given about pieces concerning the debate was that it “included words such as ‘Biden’, ‘debate’, ‘Trump’, ‘Wallace’, and ‘election’. This topic concerned the first US Presidential debate held on Tuesday night.”
Similar grievances were had with pieces published in other conservative outlets. These included pieces by The Daily Wire’s reporter Ryan Saavedra, Daily Wire columnist Matt Walsh, and The Daily Caller’s media reporter Shelby Talcott.
These pieces are as follows:
Chris Wallace Faces Intense Backlash, Including From Colleagues, Over Bias During Debate — The Daily Wire
Kamala Harris cheers BLM protests as ‘essential,’ as riots continue to rage — BizPac Review
How Black Lives Matter Is Being Used to Further a Communist Agenda — The Daily Signal
Biden Tells Trump To ‘Shut Up,’ Calls Him ‘Racist,’ ‘Clown,’ Not ‘Presidential’; Chris Wallace Runs Interference — The Daily Wire
‘I Guess I’m Debating You, Not Him … I’m Not Surprised’: Trump Slams Chris Wallace Minutes Into First Presidential Debate — The Daily Caller
‘Will you shut up, man?’: Joe Biden descends into high school fight mode with Trump in first debate — The Blaze
CNN Panel Melts Down Post-Debate: ‘That Was A S*** Show,’ ‘Horrific,’ ‘Hot Mess,’ President Hit ‘New Low’ — The Daily Wire
WALSH: Media Claims Trump Won’t Condemn White Supremacists. That’s A Lie. It’s Biden Who Won’t Condemn Violent Radicals — The Daily Wire
OII helpfully included how the department labeled sites as “junk news.” The Methodology FAQ lists five criteria for “junk news” and states that in order for a site to be considered “junk news,” it must meet three of the five points.
These points include: professionalism, style, credibility, bias, and counterfeit. In the style definition, OII says that outlets that use “emotionally driven language with emotive expressions, hyperbole, ad hominem attacks, misleading headlines, excessive capitalization, unsafe generalizations and logical fallacies, moving images, and lots of pictures and mobilizing memes,” are “junk news.” By this definition, BuzzFeed would be “junk news.”
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